The known world is represented in the form of a horseshoe, opening at the level of the Strait of Gibraltar, and surrounding the Mediterranean, with the Middle East at the top, Europe on the left and North Africa on the right. The Aegean World in the Bronze Age: Click to view larger Greek Colonies to 500 BCE: Click to view larger Early Roman Italy: Click to view larger Rome's World:
Many countries are seeing the rise of strongly authoritarian kings, who concentrate as much power as they can in their own hands, largely at the expense of the old feudal nobility.
This is the existence of the state of Israel. At the same time, the Industrial Revolution spreads from Britain to the rest of Europe and North America, and has begun utterly transforming Western societies. Under the Sassanids, classical Persian civilization is brought to a peak. The map as reconstructed by Eckhard Unger shows Babylon on the Euphrates, surrounded by a circular landmass including Assyria, Urartu (Armenia) and several cities, in turn surrounded by a "bitter river" (Oceanus), with eight outlying regions (nagu) arranged around it in the shape of triangles, so as to form a star.
China is a huge, self-contained empire; its enormous and sophisticated internal economy feels no need for European trade. The heavy plow probably appears about now in northern Europe. This will open up trans-desert trade routes, as will give rise to the nomadic Bedouin lifestyle.  The Juan de la Cosa, a Spanish cartographer, explorer and conquistador, born in Santoña in the northern autonomous region of Cantabria, made several maps of which the only survivor is the Mappa Mundi of 1500. Continue to the next world history map, the world in 1837. The map was completed on April 24, 1459, and sent to Portugal, but did not survive to the present day. Ancient World Map - In the ancient period of human history the first real efforts to represent the world on a map began at a time when Greek philosophers were speculating about the size and shape of the then known world. Their conquests have reshaped the maps of huge areas of the world, and left a lasting legacy of political and cultural change. Nonetheless, it is considered as "superior to anything produced in Europe prior to the end of the fifteenth century".. This map shows a selection of Palaeolithic sites across a very wide time span all across the globe which are connected in one way or another with the genus of Homo. The lives of the poverty-stricken masses have not been improved one iota by these developments. Despite setbacks, this stimulates continuing technological and economic progress, and prepares the ground for the coming of the modern world. This has been a global phenomenon, announced by a series of attacks around the world by the terrorist organization, Al-Qaeda, in the 1990s, and then, most dramatically, by the flying of two hijacked airliners into the World Trade Centre (Twin Towers) in New York, on September 11th, 2001. Around 550 Cosmas Indicopleustes wrote the copiously illustrated Christian Topography, a work partly based on his personal experiences as a merchant on the Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the early 6th century. In South America, the Chimu empire is at the height of its power, but a new people, the Inca, are expanding their realm in the high Andes. All the advances made in all regions of Eurasia have now reached Europe. The giant Qing Empire in China has been profoundly shaken by direct and indirected Western influences. The oceans are linked by an ever-intensifying network of sea routes, all converging on Western ports. From this much else will flow. This has reduced transport costs, and allowed commercial and industrial processes to be distributed much more widely around the world than would otherwise be possible. It has been a decisive stage in the history of a world-wide civilisation.
The same is true for a by-now independent Egypt.  It was presumably tacitly considered a convenient projection of the inhabited portion of the world known in Roman and Medieval times (that is, the northern temperate half of the globe). The Renaissance has revolutionized their culture.
As a religion, Islam has continued to expand – down into sub-Saharan Africa, where West African kingdoms are proliferating; into East Africa, where a string of small Muslim states have sprung up along the Indian Ocean coast, and now even to South East Asia. At the end of World War 1, the victors, the USA, France and Britain, led the world in forming the first great pan-Global organization, the League of Nations. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Under them, an eclectic Indo-Islamic culture is reaching fruition in such magnificent masterpieces as the Taj Mahal; and also finding expression in the rise of the new Sikh religion, which seeks to reconcile Hinduism and Islam. Pelagios is just the first step in a longer journey which will require many such initiatives, but we welcome anyone who shares our vision to join us in realising it. Few of the maps and related works of the ancient world have come down to us in their original forms. These adopted parliamentary democracy as their governing principle, and in 2004 many of these joined an enlarged EU. The ninth leaf contains a circular world map measuring 25 cm (9.8 in) in circumference. Maps of World Current, Credible, Consistent. The League’s successor, the United Nations, is proving somewhat more effective, but, in this Cold War climate, it too is being undermined by powerful international tensions beyond its control. Elsewhere in the world, the withdrawal of European nations from their overseas colonies continued. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive updates on new articles, lesson plans and special offers.