Major General Adam Stephen's 2d Division, made up of the 3rd and 4th Virginia brigades under Brigadier Generals William Woodford and Charles Scott, was also in reserve, apparently in a position to move to the support of either the right or left of the army. either killed or wounded," according to a Hessian witness. The Americans took advantage of the numerous defiles and woods along the road, as Sergeant Thomas Sullivan of the British 49th Foot wrote, to keep up "a running fire, mixed with regular volleys for 5 miles, and they still retreating to their main posts, until they got almost in gun shot of the Ford." The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777, as part of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783).. Washington concentrated the American defenses at Chad's Ford, but also prepared to prevent possible British flanking movements to the south or north. Michael shares his views about the Brandywine Campaign and its importance to the American Revolution. All Rights Reserved. Monmouth Beach, N.J.: Philip Freneau Press, 1976. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army... On a hot and humid June 28, 1778, General George Washington and his subordinate, General Charles... Parker’s Ferry was a major thoroughfare crossing the Pon Pon River (Edisto River) about 33 miles... Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Battle of Brandywine: Proving the Patriots’ Mettle. By this time the 1st division was the last fresh American division on the field. Mount Vernon is owned and maintained in trust for the people of the United States by the Mount Vernon Ladies' Association of the Union, a private, non-profit organization. just as the British commenced landing. Burgoyne, Bruce, ed. Unfortunately for the Americans, Conway's men initially resisted boldly but, lacking bayonets themselves, were averse to facing the British bayonet charge and broke very suddenly. The majority of the battle action took place south of modern day Street Road between U. S. Route 202 to the east and the Brandywine River to the west. ... had crossed the river above its forks, and was advancing in great force. Officers - Chester Flying Camp 1776. Battles and Events of the Revolutionary War Battles of Lexington and Concord - 1775 After an hour and forty minutes of what General Conway called the most "Close & Severe a fire" he ever saw, the British had possession of the hill; but not, Sullivan claimed, "till we had almost Covered the Ground between [the hill] and Bremingham [sic] meeting House with The Dead Bodies of the Enemy.". Smith, Samuel S. The Battle of Brandywine. The American losses have never been conclusively ascertained, but are estimated at 1,100, including 200 killed, 500 wounded and 400 captured. Buffington's Ford was on the east branch of the Brandywine, just above where the creek forks about six miles above Chad's Ford. Maxwell had had enough. How Spear had contrived to miss any sign of Howe's column, marching along this very route, has never been determined. The battle had clearly been an American defeat, and was to lead to the loss of Philadelphia on September 26. Washington dispatched troops under General John Sullivan and William Alexander, “Lord Stirling,” to shore up his right flank. The British infantry sustained severe casualties before they were able to gain a blind spot on the slope out of sight of both Marshall's men and the artillery on the hill. At 2:30 P.M. the tired men were given leave to throw themselves down on some heights to the east of the ford and rest for an hour. A small force marched to demonstrate against the American front while the main army marched around Washington's right. By this point, with the British already moving toward his rear, Washington had no choice but to make defensive dispositions. Revolutionary War Series, vol. He is the author of General George Washington: A Military Life, which was a finalist for the 2006 George Washington Book Prize, and of Inventing George Washington: America's Founder, in Myth and Memory. On September 11, 1777, General George Washington was determined to prevent the British from capturing the American seat of government, Philadelphia. The Battle of Brandywine and the American Revolution are presented in the park's modern Visitor Center. Ewald, Johann. The Battle of Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, September 3, 1777. Ross, writing at eleven o'clock, reported that he had skirmished with "a large body of the enemy--from every account 5000, with 16 or 18 field pieces" led by Howe himself and on its way northeast to "Taylor's and Jeffries ferries on the Brandywine."