Montezano, D. G., Specht, A., Sosa-Gómez, D. R., Roque-Specht, V. F., Sousa-Silva, J. C., Paula-Moraes, S. V., Peterson, J. Effect of planting date on the production and the ocurrence of pests on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum).

(Rapport de mission d'évaluation de l'incidence de l'attaque de la chenille Spodoptera sp. FAO Advisory Note on Fall Armyworm (FAW) in Africa. Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith, J.E.) Eggs are usually laid in masses of approximately 150-200 eggs which are laid in two to four layers deep on the surface of the leaf. First report of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an alien invasive pest on maize in India. Presence of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), an invasive pest on maize in university jurisdiction., Shivamogga, Karnataka, India: University of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences. 1992. (2016), Meagher et al. The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is a lepidopteran pest that feeds in large numbers on the leaves, stems and reproductive parts of more than 350 plant species, causing major damage to economically important cultivated grasses such as maize, rice, sorghum, sugarcane and wheat but also other vegetable crops and cotton.

Select single cross fall armyworm (FAW) resistant maize cultivars which are under research and development.
The Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control: Action framework 2020-2022, Fall Armyworm Control in Action Newsletter, October 2020 - Issue #1. The invertebrate pests of annual food crops in Central America. Insects, 10(4), 92. https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4450/10/4/92/htm doi: 10.3390/insects10040092, King ABS, Saunders JL, 1984. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0171743 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171743, Nagoshi, R. N., Goergen, G., Plessis, H. du, Berg, J. van den, Meagher, R., Jr., 2019. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo. The moth lives year-round from as far south as Argentina, to as far north as southern Florida and Texas (Nagoshi et al., 2012; Early et al., 2018). Publ, (ARS-43) [ed. First invasive report of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Orissa, India. First report of Trichogramma rojasi parasitizing eggs of Spodoptera frugiperda. Southwestern Entomologist. Fall armyworm [Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Science (Washington), 276(5314):945-949; 7 ref. In Mexico, recent studies have shown that extracts of Couroupita guianensis and Myrtillocactus geometrizans could be good candidates for the control of Spodoptera due to their larvicidal activity. The rapid spread to the Indian Ocean Islands and to Asia is harder to explain by natural flight, so it is possible that the frequent flights to those countries could have played a part. By December 2018, it was found in the Indian subcontinent. You have entered an incorrect email address! Current Science, 115(4), 621-623. In addition, Nagoshi et al. Above 30°C the wings of adults tend to be deformed. Sharanabasappa, Kalleshwaraswamy, C. M., Asokan, R., Mahadeva Swamy, H. M., Maruthi, M. S., Pavithra, H. B., Kavita Hedge, Shivaray Navi, Prabhu, S. T., Goergen, G., 2018. International Journal of Pest Management, https://doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2019.1577514. There have been some attempts to establish the origin of these strains, and evidence from Ghana (Cock et al., 2017) and Togo (Nagoshi et al., 2018) suggests that the populations are most similar to that found in the Caribbean region and the eastern coast of the USA. Florida Entomologist, 89(1), 63-68. http://www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe89p63.pdf doi: 10.1653/0015-4040(2006)89[63:GVWABS]2.0.CO;2, Liu TianMeng, Wang JianMing, Hu XiaoKang, Feng JianMeng, 2020. Larva Fall armyworm moths are attracted to extremely late planted corn, which normally can sustain considerable damage from this pest. In: IPPC Official Pest Report , (No. Report of first detection of Fall Army Worm (FAW) in the Republic of the Philippines. In: FAO Mission Report, 32 pp. FAO Statement on Fall Armyworm in Sri Lanka., Rome, Italy: FAO. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. N., Goergen, G., Agbeko, K. T., Agboka, K., Koffi, D., Meagher, R. L., 2018. We also discuss the various symptoms of fall armyworm and related chemical and organic control methods. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 61(6):2086-2092; 35 ref, Molina-Ochoa, J., Carpenter, J. E., Heinrichs, E. A., Foster, J. E., 2003. You may be interested in Growing Shallots from Bulbs, Seeds. International Journal of Biometeorology, 60(2), 255-267. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-015-1022-x doi: 10.1007/s00484-015-1022-x. On hatching they are green with black lines and spots, and as they grow they either remain green or become buff-brown and have black dorsal and spiracular lines. © 2009 Purdue University. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from South Africa. Carefully examine each plant to determine the number of damaged plants in each sample set. Fall Armyworm Control Methods and Symptoms, Organic Disease Control Methods of Vegetables, A step by step guide for Fall Armyworm Control (FAW) in India. USA.

Shylesha, A. N., Jalali, S. K., Gupta, A., Varshney, R., Venkatesan, T., Shetty, P., Ojha, R., Ganiger, P. C., Navik, O., Subaharan, K., Bakthavatsalam, N., Ballal, C. R., 2018. Goergen, G., Kumar, P. L., Sankung, S. B., Togola, A., Tamò, M., 2016. 7 (1), 4103. The mortality rate following emergence may be high in some cases due to climatic factors and attack by predators, parasitoids and pathogens. Spatio-temporal interactions between maize lepidopteran stemborer communities and possible implications from the recent invasion of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in sub-Saharan Africa. All rights reserved. Record of noctuids (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) associated with strawberry crop in western Venezuela. A guide to their recognition and control. Spodoptera frugiperda (Fall Armyworm). Paris, France: EPPO.https://gd.eppo.int/reporting/article-6483, Estruch JJ, Warren GW, Mullins MA, Nye GJ, Craig JA, Koziel MG, 1996.
Up to 1000 eggs may be laid by each female. IPM is an integrated strategy of pest control which aims at prevention of pests and its damage through a combination of techniques such as chemical, biological, new cropping system, modification of cultural practices, use of resistant varieties and through mechanical methods. In: IITA Bulletin, No. supports HTML5 video. Smith) belonging to Lepidoptera: Noctuidae.

(Insecta: Lepidoptera)., India: ICAR-NBAIR. https://ipmil.cired.vt.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/A-Guide-to-Biological-Control-of-FAW_Final-updated.pdf, Todd EL, Poole RW, 1980. https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2020. In Africa, the fall armyworm is a pest causing significant destruction and devastation to crops. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); larval cannibalism. http://www.protecnet.go.cr/laboratorios/plagcul/cultivoc.htm, Ministry of Agriculture of the State of Eritrea, 2018. Briefing Note on FAP Actions on Fall Armyworm in Africa 15 December 2017., 7 pp. USA.

B. bassiana caused moderate mortality of 30% to second-instar larvae. Report on Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda). glasshouse production), Managed forests, plantations and orchards, Industrial / intensive livestock production systems, Average temp. Cock et al. Pyrethrins (from Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, formerly Pyrethrum) are effective against fall armyworm and registered in many countries, but have non-target risks that require mitigation. When the infestation is more, the leaves become loose and seems like may detach from the plants. Canadian Entomologist.

CMR-04/6) . In: IPPC Official Pest Report , (No. S. frugiperda is on the EPPO A1 list of quarantine pests and is intercepted occasionally in Europe on imported plant material (Seymour et al., 1985). IPM emphasizes the growth of a healthy crop with the least possible disruption to agro-ecosystems and encourages natural pest control mechanisms. Res. Fall armyworm adults migrate north from overwintering sites in south Texas and northern Mexico and become established in corn and other crops in the spring. Microencapsulated Spodoptera frugiperda nucleopolyhedrovirus: insecticidal activity and effect on arthropod populations in maize.