increases in divorce, cohabitation and lone parenthood). social policies shape or define family life in ways that benefit men and maintain patriarchy, eg. equal pay act, sex discrimination laws, same sex marriage. Policies are often based on assumptions about what the 'normal' family is like. In their view the changes that have led to greater family diversity. this would reduce taxes and give incentive for fathers to provide for their family. The New Right ignore the many polices that support and maintain the conventional family. it assumes all members of the family benefit equally and that there is a march of progress (family life is gradually getting better and better. Conditions. eg. Functionalists see society as built on harmony and consensus and free from major conflicts. For example, equal pay act and sex discrimination laws, the rights of lesbians to marry, benefits for lone parents, refuges for women escaping domestic violence and equal rights to divorce. Social policy can have a big impact on families. Foucault sees power not just as something held by the government or state, but as diffused throughout society and found within all relationships. In their view the less the state interferes in families the better family life will be. introduction of health, education and housing policies has lead to the development of a welfare state that supports families. Rather than a consensus view of policy as benefiting the family Donzelot has a conflict view of society. defines divorce as a social problem but made divorce easier. some policies aimed specifically at family life. this is a march of progress view, criticisms of the functionalist perspective on social policy. compulsory schooling provides childcare for working parents. Critics argue that the coalition government's financial austerity policies reflected New Right's desire to cut public spending. (2), marriage as superior to other domestic set ups. Whereas functionalists take the view that state welfare polices can benefit the family and make it better able to meet its members' needs the New Right disagree. 1 familistic gender regimes and 2 individualistic gender regimes. social policies in place to benefit capitalism. This division means that the Conservative party has found it difficult to maintain a consistent policy line on the family. increase rights for unmarried cohabiting couples. Policies supporting the patriarchal family. © Copyright The Student Room 2017 all rights reserved. Marxists and feminists criticise Donzelot for failing to identify clearly who benefits from such polices of surveillance. Offers a very different perspective on the relationship between the family and state the polices from that of the functionalists. taxation policies affect how much money is taken from families and how much is made available for services for family. 2 It assumes that there is a march of progress. policies assume patriarchal society to be the norm. May assume that husbands are the main wage-earners and that wives are their financial dependents. usually based on laws introduced by government. Reflecting a New Right view, Mrs Thatcher's conservative government banned the promotion of homosexuality by local authorities.This included a ban on teaching that homosexuality was an acceptable family relationship. emphasised parents continued responsibility for children after divorce. Sees professionals such as doctors and social workers as exercising power over their clients by using their expert knowledge to turn them into 'cases' to be dealt with. Social-Policy-and-the-Family-----Completed-Summary-Sheets. Lone parents, welfare policy and the dependency culture (3). International examples with huge impact include China’s one child policy and Nazi Germany’s policies. emphasised parents to take responsibility for children (introducing Parenting Orders for parents of young offenders). Complete learning phase for Family and social policy including lecture notes, consolidation group presentation activity and exam practice. criticisms of feminist perspective on social policy. What is… In their view this would have several advantages. The New Right strongly in favour of the conventional or 'traditional' nuclear family based on a married, heterosexual couple with a division of labour between a male provider and a female homemaker. make cohabitation and marriage more similar - sends signal that state does not see marriage as special or superior. Rejects the functionalists' march of progress view that social policy and the professionals who carry it out have created a better, freer or humane society. A final area of difference with the New Right was in New Labour's support for alternatives to the conventional heterosexual nuclear family. policies have undermined the nuclear family. However, as Elisabeth Silva and Carol Smart (1999) note New Labour rejected the New Right view that the family should have just one earner and recognised that women too now go out to work. Laws making divorce easier undermine the idea of marriage as a lifelong commitment between a man and a women. Tax laws discriminate against conventional families with a sole breadwinner. could all be said to challenge the patriarchal family. set up Child Support Agency- enforcing maintenance payments by absent parent. In turn this often prevents them from working full time, increasing their economic independence. **** in marriage made criminal offence improving position of women in the family. eg. Created: Dec 24, 2018| Updated: Jan 13, 2020. adoption rights, pension rights when partner dies and succession to council house tenancies. Who favour a New Right view and reject diversity as morally wrong. They see the state as acting in the interests of society as a whole and its social policies as being good for all of them. Similarly **** within marriages was made a criminal offence in 1991. Social policy and the family As was saw in the previous page, lone-parent families are particularly vulnerable to having a low family income. society is patriarchal. 2 types of gender regimes; familistic gender regimes and individualistic gender regimes. Applies these ideas to the family. Where policies are based on the belief that husbands and wives should be treated the same. Policies governing school holidays make it hard for parents to work full-time. opposes state intervention in family life. nuclear family and encourages deviant and dysfunctional family types that harm society. They argue that all social institutions including the state and its policies to help to maintain women's subordinate position. Murray argues that these welfare benefits offer perverse incentives- that is they reward irresponsible or anti-social behaviour. banned promotion of homosexuality. policies can improve family life. In the UK, some sociologists believe social policy can be used to help families, however others believe it is there to oppress them. tax and benefits policies / childcare a conflict perspective - society based on a conflict of interests between men and women. society is patriarchal. The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No.