example, the three of these civilizations developed around rivers, since they live so near to rivers He owned most of the land, supervised armies, passed laws and oversaw trade. [28][29] It is unknown if the transfer of this design was the result of Mesopotamian workmen in Egypt, or if temple designs on imported Mesopotamian seals may have been a sufficient source of inspiration for Egyptian architects. III. This page intentionally left blank Mesopotamia is also credited with giving the world its first writing system. Aristocracies emerged, most likely because of disputes over resources, and were made up of kings, their families and nobility. [63] The cylinder seals were soon abandoned in favour of scarab seals. Egypt and Mesopotamia were to areas that fit this geographic criterion. It was therefore the setting for the first wheel and the first government as well as other “innumerable firsts.” Egypt as well as Mesopotamia was swift to implement, primary river valley civilizations. Even though they may have faced difficult or destructive times, they had lasting and influential effects on the rest of history world. Egypt centralized government led to a sense of unity that allowed them to develop as a whole, and grow together. The ancient complex societies of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Harappa had a lot of things [21] The earliest Egyptian cylinder seals are clearly similar to contemporary Uruk seals down to Naqada II-d (circa 3300 BCE), and may even have been manufactured by Mesopotamian craftsmen, but they start to diverge from circa 3300 BCE to become more Egyptian in character. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. IV. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. your own paper. [25] It is also considered as certain that the Egyptians adopted from Mesopotamia the practice of marking the sealing of jars with engraved cylinder seals for informational purposes. When a pharaoh was pleased with someone enough to reward him, he did so with gifts of land, treasures and the title of nobleman. [21] The designs are similar to those of Mesopotamia, where they were invented during the early 4th millennium BCE, during the Uruk period, as an evolutionary step from various accounting systems and seals going back as early as the 7th millennium BCE. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. [57], Labels with some of the earliest Egyptian hieroglyphs from the tomb of Egyptian king Menes (3200–3000 BC), A 2017 study of the mitochondrial DNA composition of Egyptian mummies has shown a high level of affinity with the DNA of the populations of the Near East. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. Some civilizations, like the Chinese rulers and their Mandate of Heaven, ruled with a power similar to the Egyptian pharaohs. The cultures of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were in a constant state of evolution. These civilizations are “two of the three oldest civilizations to exist from the old world.” (SFU). [59] In particular the study finds "that ancient Egyptians are most closely related to Neolithic and Bronze Age samples in the Levant, as well as to Neolithic Anatolian and European populations". Due to Egypt being less strict towards the women, Egyptian women were able to have a greater influence on their society. Since these kings did not have access to an entire empire, they did not hold as much power as the pharaoh of Europe was able to acquire. The Mesopotamian women had little impact on their society, while certain Egyptian women were able to gain highly influential positions in their society. [28], The fact that so many Gerzean sites are at the mouths of wadis which lead to the Red Sea may indicate some amount of trade via the Red Sea (though Byblian trade potentially could have crossed the Sinai and then be taken to the Red Sea). India is one of the few civilizations which has been in existence for more than 5000 years. Get Your Custom Essay on, Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Similarities/Differences of Mesopotamia and Egypt, Comparison of the civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt, A Comparison of the Worldviews of Egypt and Mesopotamia, The Role of the Temple in Mesopotamia and Egypt, Ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations, https://graduateway.com/compare-and-contrast-egypt-and-mesopotamia/, Get your custom [12], Red-slipped spouted pottery items dating to around 3500 BCE (Naqada II C/D), which were probably used for pouring water, beer or wine, suggest that Egypt was in contact with Mesopotamia around that time. The Achaemenid Empire again invaded Egypt and established satrapies, founding the Achaemenid Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt (525–404 BCE) and Thirty-first Dynasty of Egypt (343–332 BCE). The river valley civilizations are composed of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. These connections date back to Prehistory and occurred at a variety of scales, including overland and maritime commerce, diplomacy, immigration, invasion and deportation". [58][59] The study was made on mummies of Abusir el-Meleq, near El Fayum, which was inhabited from at least 3250 BCE until about 700 CE. [62] This is especially the case with royal iconography: the figure of the king smiting his enemies with a mace, and the depiction of dead enemies being eaten by birds of prey appeared in Egypt from the time of the Narmer palette, and were then adopted centuries later by Mesopotamian rulers Eannatum and Sargon of Akkad. [13] This type of pottery was manufactured in Egypt, with Egyptian clay, but its shape, particularly the spout, is Mesopotamian in origin. Louvre Museum AO 7702, Designs on some of the labels or token from Abydos, Egypt, carbon-dated to circa 3400–3200 BC. But back then these civilizations had some interesting facts in common for Organizing this labor required intelligent leadership. However, the Chinese empire could also be overthrown if they were a bad ruler. On the other hand, Egypt was ruled by Pharaohs who were god-kings and acted as representatives of the gods to their subjects. They were strong forces to contend with, and each built thriving empires that lasted for thousands of years. Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, et al., The Cambridge Ancient History (3d ed. [72][73][74], Exchanges would again flourish between the two cultures from the period of the New Kingdom of Egypt (c.1550 BC–c.1069 BC), this time an exchange between two mature and well-established civilizations.[75]. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Though the location of each civilization was different, they do share somethi… This is related the flourishing of the Indus Valley Civilization, and the development of Indus-Mesopotamia relations from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. Outline of CC Rewrite I. Thesis Paragraph * Thesis: The political and social structures of Egypt and Mesopotamia both similarities and differences. [7][8] Mesopotamian cylinder seals have been found in the Gerzean context of Naqada II, in Naqada and Hiw, attesting to the expansion of the Jemdet Nasr culture as far as Egypt at the end of the 4th millennium BCE. [18] Cylinder seals, some coming from Mesopotamia and Elam, and some made locally in Egypt following Mesopotamian designs in a stylized manner, have been discovered in the tombs of Upper Egypt dating to Naqada II and III, particularly in Hierakonpolis. [51][52] The two writing systems are in fact quite similar in their initial stages, relying heavily on pictographic forms and then evolving a parallel system for the expression of phonetic sounds. Many believed the pharaoh could make the waters of the Nile River rise when the land was threatened by drought conditions. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. Egypt and Mesopotamia Egypt had a theocracy government while Mesopotamia's government was a combination of monarchy and democracy. The following categories are going, India.