This protection included defending against external enemies and defending citizens from dangerous wild animals. Relief depicting Ashurbanipal relaxing in his garden. Shamash-shum-ukin, would have been pretty annoyed about the decision to bypass him. It is a wall of illuminated cuneiform tablets, their spiky scripts full of words that only specialists can read but whose human weight anyone can feel. British scholar Stephanie Dalley considers it "almost certain" that Addagoppe was a daughter of Ashurbanipal on account of her own inscriptions claiming that Nabonidus was of Ashurbanipal's dynastic line. Ashurbanipal appears to have been unaware of Shamash-shum-ukin's involvement, though he successfully defeated the Elamites in 653 BC and ravaged their cities and country. Shortly thereafter in 663 BC, Bel-iqisha's son Dunanu surrendered to Ashurbanipal.[24]. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. I destroyed the ziggurat of Susa. All rights reserved. © copyright 2003-2020 Ashurbanipal's account of this conflict largely concerns the movements of his army through Syria in search of Uiate (conflated with Yauta but possibly a different person) and his Arabian soldiers. Relief depicting the Assyrian capture of Babylon. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. After this, Ashurbanipal cursed Gyges and when Lydia was overrun by its enemies c. 652–650 BC there was much rejoicing in Assyria. Esarhaddon publicly designated Ashurbanipal to be the crown-prince and future ruler of Assyria and his twin brother Shamash-shum-ukin to the same office in Babylonia. Most people would see this as a very clear warning – don’t mess with Ashurbanipal! Ashurbanipal attacked Elam, starved the Babylonian cities into submission, and in 648 captured Babylon; Shamashshum-ukin perished in the flames of his burning city. Perhaps it is weirdly fitting that the exhibition is sponsored with much fanfare by BP. Whether Ashurbanipal is partly to blame for Assyria's downfall is disputed. Ashurbanipal, also spelled Assurbanipal, Asshurbanipal and Asurbanipal (Neo-Assyrian cuneiform: , Aššur-bāni-apli or Aššur-bāni-habal, meaning "Ashur has given a son-heir") was the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire from the death of his father Esarhaddon in 668 BC to his own death in 631 BC. Esarhaddon’s own father had been brutally murdered by his sons after he put their younger sibling (i.e. Meluhha might have referred to Egypt, which did not aid Shamash-shum-ukin in the war. Prior to its discovery, there was a widespread notion that the Bible was the oldest book and a work without precedent, an idea which was decisively disproven with the discovery of the library. Their heads I cut off in front of each other. This is considered unlikely for several reasons. [39] Perhaps the most important factors behind Shamash-shum-ukin's revolt was his dissatisfaction with his position relative to that of his brother, the constant resentment of Assyria in general by the Babylonians and the constant willingness of the ruler of Elam to join anyone who waged war against Assyria.[40]. [29], The rebellion was stopped and Ashurbanipal appointed as his vassal ruler in Egypt Necho I, who had been king of the city Sais, and Necho's son Psamtik I, who had been educated at the Assyrian capital of Nineveh during Esarhaddon's reign. Answer and Explanation: According to the inscriptions by his son Ashur-etil-ilani, Ashurbanipal died a natural death. To prove themselves worthy of rule and illustrate that they were competent protectors, Assyrian kings engaged in ritual lion hunts. Shamash-shum-ukin appears to have tired of Ashurbanipal's rule by 653 BC; inscriptions from Babylon suggest that Ashurbanipal had been managing the affairs of Shamash-shum-ukin and had been essentially dictating his decrees.