https://www.britannica.com/animal/Irrawaddy-dolphin. Other articles where Irrawaddy dolphin is discussed: dolphin: Conservation status: …chinensis), the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris), and the Australian snubfin dolphin (O. heinsohni). The Irrawaddy dolphin is a singular-looking dolphin, whose body differs from the stereotype of the best-known dolphins. The Department of Fisheries and WCS Myanmar in late 2015 launched a community-based ecotourism project in the ADPA zone, which encourages dolphin-watching tours so that humans can experience the unique human-animal interaction and hopefully contribute to the continuous rise of the local dolphin population. But, at that time, the amazing creature was believed to be, and thus misidentified as, a member of another species. Entanglements have always caused the highest number of Irrawaddy dolphin deaths. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Because of its scattered population, scant numbers, and interactions with humans, the. All Rights Reserved. It was not until recent years that its name was changed to Irrawaddy – the name of Irrawaddy dolphin as it is believed to help fishermen who practice cast-net fishing. WWF teaches local communities about dolphin and environmental conservation issues, as well as developing community fishery management zones to help sustainably manage fish and conserve dolphins. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Females tend to be smaller than the males. The Mekong River Irrawaddy dolphins inhabit a 118-mile stretch of the river between Cambodia and Lao PDR and are scarce—just 92 individuals are estimated to still exist. Sir Richard Owen first identified this fascinating mammal back in 1866. …chinensis), the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris), and the Australian snubfin dolphin (O. heinsohni). Communication is carried out with clicks, creaks, and buzzes at a dominant frequency of about 60 kilohertz, which is thought to be used for echolocation. Even though electronic fishing is a major threat to the population of Irrawaddy dolphins locally, U Han Win said that other causes such as pollution in the river water, allegedly caused by illegal gold mines in upstream areas, needed to be addressed as well. Please increase the size of your window. Irrawaddy dolphins are found in coastal areas in South and Southeast Asia, and in three rivers: the Ayeyarwady (Myanmar), the Mahakam (Indonesian Borneo) and the Mekong. Each year, the Cambodian Mekong Dolphin Conservation Project conducts at least two population surveys of Irrawaddy dolphins in the Mekong River.
They have a forehead that extends beyond the rest of the facial features. The Irrawaddy Dolphinfeatures a round head and they don’t have a beak. The protection of the Irrawaddy dolphin is crucial for the overall health of the Mekong River—home to an estimated 1,100 species of fish.
The most vulnerable dolphins include the Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica) and the Indus river dolphin (P. minor), which are classified as endangered species The protection of the Irrawaddy dolphin is crucial for the overall health of the Mekong River—home to an estimated 1,100 species of fish. By Tin Htet Paing 8 December 2017 . Though they are listed as one of the seven species of river dolphin, they are not a true river dolphin.

The color is dark – either blue or gray – and then they feature light gray on the belly.

View our inclusive approach to conservation, Critically endangered Irrawaddy dolphins and the world’s most productive freshwater fishery saved from destructive dam, Numbers of Critically Endangered Mekong River Dolphin Stable. NOW 50% OFF! Between 2002 and 2016, 42 dolphins were found dead in Myanmar, 29 of them in the Irrawaddy Dolphin Protected Area (ADPA). There are at least six villages on the banks along this stretch of the Irrawaddy River, where about 60 local fishermen still preserve the practice, according to U Han Win, the officer in charge of the Irrawaddy Dolphins Conservation team of WCS Myanmar and an official at the Department of Fisheries.

Sir Richard Owen first identified this fascinating mammal back in 1866. Even though no wide-ranging survey has been conducted for this species globally, nor is there a synoptic estimate of the total number of Irrawaddy dolphins from local or regional surveys, the IUCN estimates that there is an abundant population of about 5,800 of the animals in Bangladesh and 77 in the Philippines. Your email address will not be published. Status Of Irrawaddy Dolphin Raised To ‘Endangered’, Suu Kyi Dismisses Speculation of President’s Ill Health, Mine Detonated On Rakhine Chief Minister’s Route, French Firm Helps Shan Farmers Turn Poppy to Coffee, ‘December Morning’ Exhibition Captures the Vibrancy of the Season, Prisons to Improve Nutrition for Inmates Across the Country, Myanmar Govt Takes Steps to Repatriate Hindus Who Fled to Bangladesh, Cambodia Goes All-in on China in Casino Port City, Rohingya Still Fleeing from Myanmar to Bangladesh: UNHCR, Thai Police Arrest Hells Angels Gang Members, Muslim village-head killed in Rakhine's Maungdaw District, US Grant to See Restoration of 19th Century Church Through, Drug Czar Rebukes Anti-narcotics Deal Between Yunnan, Wa Army, ICG Urges World to Stay Engaged with Myanmar, Myanmar Army Restrictions Leave Tanai Residents Lacking Basic Commodities, Myanmar’s Opium Crop Plummets, But No Victory Over Asia’s Narco-boom: UN, Civil Society Organizations Seek Greater Participation in Panglong Peace Conference, Rakhine Lawmakers Push for Regional Minister’s Impeachment, Two Northern Alliance Members Reportedly Clash in Shan State, Nationalist Group Members’ Bid to Form Political Party Rejected, Govt, Employers, Employees Set to Meet to Discuss Minimum Wage, Myanmar Forces May Be Guilty of Genocide Against Rohingya, UN Says, U Wirathu: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi a Threat to National Religion and Identity, Analysis: Under Pressure, Aung San Suu Kyi to Seek Chinese Investment, Couple Arrested in Kachin After 1,000 Bullets Found at Their Home, Wild Elephants Destroy Home, Crops in Ngapudaw Township, Poems Highlight Love, Struggles of Migrant Workers in Singapore, Rakhine Govt to Return Hindu Refugees to Maungdaw, ANALYSIS: Tug Of War over Indigenous Rights and Govt’s Forestry Plan, 88 Generation Student Leader Still Working for Democracy, Ethnic Language Teachers Missing Months of Govt Pay, Pope Reveals Details About Army Chief Meeting and Defends Avoiding Word 'Rohingya', Fake IEDs Found at Myanmar Embassy in Bangkok, S Korea, US Kick Off Largest Air Exercise Amid N Korean Warnings, Myanmar Turns To China as It Faces International Criticism, Tatmadaw Chief Offers Cryptic Definition of Military’s Political Role, Myanmar Pledges to Fight Discrimination in HIV Prevention, Myanmar’s Religious Leaders Judge Papal Visit a Success, Military Dissents as Rakhine Parliament Demands Fair Budget from Union Govt, Beauty vs. the Beast: The Ongoing Battle for a True Democracy, Gold Mine Operator Demands Fairer Payments to State, Reopening of Mine, Tanintharyi Chief Minister Sues Local Newspaper over Satirical Article, Locals Seek Police Assistance to Deter Rampaging Elephant, Animal-loving Artists Showcased in Exhibition of Pet Portraiture, Local fishermen on a boat prepare to catch fish with the help of Irrawaddy dolphin. “We have done no specific surveys on the cause of dolphin deaths,” he said. We also support alternative livelihood development such as aquaculture, chicken raising and home-gardens, to reduce fishing pressure and bycatch of dolphins, as well as alleviate poverty in riverside communities.

Fishing nets – entanglement in small-scale fishing nets, especially gillnets, is the biggest threat to Irrawaddy dolphins. It is a tough time to be a whale or dolphin. They lack the characteristic beak and streamlined head of most dolphins, instead … There are currently at least 69 dolphins living in the river between Bhamo and Mandalay cities, in addition to populations of approximately 80-100 left in stretches of the Mekong River in Cambodia and Laos, and in Mahakham in Indonesia, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in Myanmar. Sadly, however, the creature also has an extremely disjointed population concentration. The Irrawaddy dolphin is also regarded as a sacred animal by both Khmer and Lao people, and is an important source of income and jobs for communities involved in dolphin-watching ecotourism.