Additionally, this signal phrase provides an effective lead-in into the author’s material, and it contributes his/her authority and credibility in the subject area to your paper. There is no precise formula for when and how to use them. A signal phrase can be used at the beginning or end ofa sentence. One word, a phrase, or a full sentence might be used to introduce the borrowed material. Also, be consistent with verb tenses. A signal phrase or a lead-in phrase comes before a quotation, paraphrase, or summary, and it includes citation information, like the author’s name, title of the source, the year the source was published. Printing and Download Instructions. A signal phrase includes a verb (such as said or wrote ) along with the name of the person who's being quoted. Conclusion/Evaluation [2 minutes]: • Wrap up the lesson by telling students that signal words are an excellent tool that can help both writer and reader map out relationships in writing. Signal Phrases for Summarizing, Paraphrasing, & Quotations Based on templates: They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing by Gerald Graff, Cathy Birkenstein 1. “has noted”). In some cases, signal phrases are omitted in favor of in-text citations. Effective signal phrases include the author’s name and an action verb that characterizes the information. In English grammar, a signal phrase is a phrase, clause, or sentence that introduces a quotation, paraphrase, or summary. Signal Phrases . Signposts enable the reader to follow our arguments easily. Try varying the placement and language of the signal phrase to avoid repetition. However, be sure to look up the definition of any word you don’t know so that you are using the right word/phrase for your context and purpose. Signal phrases are clear and short sentences used to integrate in a paper the words, ideas, and facts that have been borrowed from other authors. Examples of Argumentative Language Below are examples of signposts that are used in argumentative essays. Signal Phrases. While the previous examples use some of the more common signal verbs, the following is a list of additional words and phrases you can use to make your writing more interesting, specific, and active. To save a PDF copy of the report, click below and follow instructions for your browser. Keep things interesting for your readers by switching up the language and placement of your signal phrases. After completing this activity, you may download or print a completion report that summarizes your results. Ordinarily, these verbs should be used in the literary present tense. Signal phrases help to introduce material you are using from a reference. When citing or borrowing from a source, it is necessary to make clear what information comes from you and what information comes from your source. MLA uses the present tense (e.g. On top of indicating the presence of material borrowed from the literature, they ensure flow in a … Signal Phrases Activity. Phrases . The word or words “signal” to the reader that the writer is using someone It's also called a quotative frame or a dialogue guide . Capturing Authorial Action/ For Summaries or Paraphrasing: These target phrases … When pointing out opposing arguments (Cons): In the words of Peterson (2012), “…” signal words and phrases that the author used in the paragraph. Model Phrases. “notes”) or present perfect tense (e.g. Here is a short list of examples: Nonetheless, while becoming comfortable with signal phrases and citation, it can be helpful to follow the steps outlined below: