Susceptible to Botrytis and crown rot. Sometimes has enormous berries of the Fressant type. Also known as the alpine strawberry, fraises des bois, wild strawberry, European strawberry. Strong resistance to powdery mildew. Good flavor and berry firmness. There are many ways to mix/generate a color. In many entry level Biology classes, strawberries are used to demonstrate the extraction of DNA due to their octoploid structure. The strawberry fruit was mentioned in ancient Roman literature in reference to its medicinal use. Fragaria nilgerrensis berries are of poor flavor. [46] Strawberries and strawberry flavorings are a popular addition to dairy products, such as strawberry milk, strawberry ice cream, strawberry milkshakes/smoothies and strawberry yogurts. In print we use cyan, yellow, magenta and black (CMYK) inks because usually we print on a white paper. [11], Another method uses a compost sock. Strawberries prefer a pH from 5.5 to 6.5, so lime is usually not applied.[25]. Extremely hardy variety, even into Canada. [55], As strawberry flavor and fragrance are characteristics that may appeal to consumers,[56][57][58] they are used widely in a variety of manufacturing, including foods, beverages, confections, perfumes and cosmetics. Good runner production. A virtually allergen-free cultivar named 'Sofar' is available. The best time to plant is in late summer or spring. Produces lots of runners. [50] Strawberries contain fisetin and possess higher levels of this flavonoid than other fruits. Only the following varieties may be sold as kaszëbskô malëna: Senga Sengana, Elsanta, Honeoye that have been graded as Extra or Class I. Performs well in plasticulture and in the matted-row system. There is no commercial value for this species. Frost resistant. Two subspecies of F. vesca were identified: F. sylvestris alba and F. sylvestris semperflorens. Plants, usually obtained from northern nurseries, are planted through holes punched in this covering, and irrigation tubing is run underneath. Highly resistant to red stele with good resistance to leaf diseases. [54], Pelargonidin-3-glucoside is the major anthocyanin in strawberries and cyanidin-3-glucoside is found in smaller proportions. Moderate resistance to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis) and crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum). McGill University and AAFC, St. Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qué, (Fragaria x ananassa) x Comarum palustre [hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis]. Fragaria daltoniana berries are of poor flavor. In order to provide more organic matter, a cover crop of wheat or rye is planted in the winter before planting the strawberries. At the end of the harvest season, the plastic is removed and the plants are plowed into the ground. Day-neutral cultivars produce flowers regardless of the photoperiod.[18]. The decimal RGB color code is rgb(252,90,141). Especially suited for plasticulture. [13], The other major method, which uses the same plants from year to year growing in rows or on mounds, is most common in colder climates. Great-grandparents include Pandora, Scotland, Micmac, Allstar, Cavendish and Bogota. Strawberries have been sequenced to display 7,096 genes. Also known as the Hautbois Strawberry or Hautboy Strawberry. Not available commercially. Sensitive to Sinbar. No strong resistance to any of the common strawberry diseases. Tolerant to leaf diseases. Susceptible to leaf blight. Susceptible to anthracnose fruit rot and powdery mildew. One of the top strawberry varieties for over 20 years. The introduction of F. virginiana from Eastern North America to Europe in the 17th century is an important part of history because it is one of the two species that give rise to the modern strawberry. For example, the Ghost moth is known to be a pest of the strawberry plant. The French began taking the strawberry from the forest to their gardens for harvest in the 14th century. Susceptible to red stele. The garden strawberry was transplanted from the forests and then the plants would be propagated asexually by cutting off the runners. June yellows has been observed. STRAWBERRY FAQ, Recommended Strawberry Varieties by State, Recommended Strawberry Varieties by Province or Territory, Recommended Strawberry Varieties for Canada, Profile of Fragaria iinumae Strawberry Plants, Profile of Sweet Charlie Strawberry Plants, Profile of Ozark Beauty Strawberry Plants, Profile of Benicia Strawberry Plants & Mojave Strawberry Plants, How a New Variety of Strawberry Plants Is Developed, Mountain Strawberry, Mountain Strawberries, Andrew Jamieson in Kentville, Nova Scotia. Excellent for jam. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis). (Sivetta x Holiday) x (Karina x Primella). Most strawberry plants are now fed with artificial fertilizers, both before and after harvesting, and often before planting in plasticulture. Suonenjoki in North Savonia, Finland is famous small town for its strawberries, that's why is also known as "the Strawberry Town" or "the Strawberry Capital". Will produce strawberries on unrooted runners. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Very popular in Michigan. Native to eastern Asia and eastern Siberia, Native to the eastern side of the Japanese island of Hokkaidō, the Kuril Islands, and Sakhalin in Russia. [11] Yields are typically lower than in plasticulture. [44][47][48], One serving (100 g; see Table) of strawberries contains approximately 33 kilocalories, is an excellent source of vitamin C, a good source of manganese, and provides several other vitamins and dietary minerals in lesser amounts.