White Rose. They can be boiled, steamed, roasted or sauteed. White potatoes, on the other hand, can be small to large in size and they are better for frying, mashing, baking, and toasting. Maine has the reputation as being the white potato state, but seasonal crops are grown in Florida, North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. The oblong-shaped and pointed tip red sweet potatoes (featured above) have a reddish-brown skin and sweet, moist orange flesh. Potato Types PDF. They are very easy to digest complex carbohydrates, with very little to no fat. Get my essential cooking techniques that I learned in culinary school. Thanks to the careful processing techniques used, dehydrated/instant potato products retain most of their nutrition. Long whites grow from 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) long and about 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. A simple recipe to turn leftover mashed potatoes into a delicious side with incredible texture and flavor! Meanwhile, white potatoes are good for mashes. They can be boiled, steamed, roasted or sauteed. Do not refrigerate potatoes! The Eastern seaboard and Pacific Northwest are key white potato growing areas. This can lead to head-scratching questions about how to choose what is right for recipes. This post may contain affiliate links. Larger purple potatoes are good for baking and light mashing. This Slow Cooker Potato Soup is a vegetarian alternative (that doesn't compromise on flavor one bit!). Please read my disclosure policy. Difference Between Sharon Fruit and Persimmon, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler, What is the Difference Between Epic Theatre and Dramatic Theatre, What is the Difference Between Sticky Rice and Jasmine Rice, What is the Difference Between Firm Medium and Plush Mattress, What is the Difference Between Landscape and Scenery, What is the Difference Between Coconut Sugar and Regular Sugar. From this point, your grocery store may have specifically named types of potatoes such as Red Bliss, Katahdin, Purple Peruvian, Yukon Gold. Jessica GavinPublished on November 21, 2017. Superior potatoes have a very high yield, making them a popular variety of all-purpose potato. Use high starch potatoes for baking, frying, and mashing. They're also very absorbent, so are great paired with butter and cream -- think mashed potatoes. Both work well for roasting, baking, steaming, boiling, mashed or pureed, and used in desserts like pies, muffins, and bread. Grilling whites brings out a more full-bodied flavor. Some common varieties are the White Rose, Cascade, Superior, Cobbler, Kennebec, Snowden, Atlantic, and La Chipper. Generally, potatoes are one of the most popular vegetables all over the world. Take a trip down the frozen aisle of any grocery story and you’ll find many different frozen potato options, from wedges, shreds, hash browns and tots to slices, dices, crinkle cut and waffle fries. This simple vegetarian mashed potatoes and mushroom gravy recipe gets a flavorful boost from a splash of Guinness. Find instructions below on a few of the most popular ways to cook a potato. Contrary to popular belief, dehydrated/instant potatoes found in boxes in the center aisle of the grocery store are REAL potatoes. There are a number of different ways to prepare potatoes, among them Baked, Mashed, Roasted, Potato Salad, Au Gratin, and Scalloped. It’s no surprise that these edible tubers Solanum tuberosum from the nightshade family is one of the highest consumed crops around the world. Best for salad or chips? Also, they are not good for mashing. Please Note: You have clicked on a link to a website maintained by a third party and are about to leave the Potatoes USA website. “A Guide To Every Type Of Potato You Need To Know.” The Huffington Post, TheHuffingtonPost.com, 2 Mar. Red and white potatoes are starchy vegetables. They're what we typically imagine when we think of potatoes.… “Red potatoes” By Mike Licht (CC BY 2.0) via Flickr2. White potatoes are medium-starch potatoes, also known as all-purpose potatoes. They are also low in moisture, fluffy and absorbent, making them ideal for baking, frying, boiling, and mashing. As medium starch potatoes, white potatoes also have moderate moisture content, and while they can be used to make fluffy, starchy potato dishes, like mashed … An essential guide to the most popular types of potatoes. Can you help. Please enable Javascript in order to use this site properly. Sweet and sticky teriyaki glaze on sautéed potatoes. There are an estimated 200 varieties of potatoes sold in the United States, which can be classified into a number of categories based on the cooked texture and ingredient functionality. Yukon Gold, white potatoes, and purple potatoes are among the most popular varieties of all-purpose potatoes. Types of Potatoes. We prefer Yukon Gold, an all-purpose variety, for mashed potatoes. There are more than 200 varieties of potatoes sold throughout the United States. Texture: medium starch; slightly creamy, slightly dense; thin, delicate skin These can be used for mashed potatoes, as well. They contain a good source of minerals and vitamins, especially potassium and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) which is a coenzyme that assists in the breakdown and utilization of carbohydrates.